3D Conformal Radiation Therapy (CRT): This form of external beam radiation integrates 3D images into a computer system to aid in precisely targeting and treating a specific cancerous area. Overall duration of therapy depends on the type of cancer, location and size of the target area and the goals for treatment. Side effects may include fatigue, skin irritation and loss of appetite.

Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT): Some tumors are not stationary. Radiation oncologists use IGRT to track tumor movement and changes on a daily basis. This treatment ensures that accurate delivery of radiation to the tumor occurs by verifying that the tumor has not shifted to a slightly different location than in previous treatments. Duration of therapy depends on the cancer type and location. Side effects may include fatigue, skin irritation and loss of appetite.

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT): A radiation beam segments into several smaller beams, tightly conforming to the shape of the tumor, and delivers the highest possible dose of radiation. Duration of therapy depends on the cancer type and location. Side effects may include fatigue, skin irritation and loss of appetite.

Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI): This treatment is a five-day targeted therapy for qualifying candidates with early-stage breast cancer. Side effects are generally mild, sometimes including redness, bruising and breast pain.

Prostate Seed Therapy: During this internal radiation procedure, tiny radioactive seeds are placed directly into the prostate gland to kill cancer cells at close range. Patients typically return to normal activities within a couple of days after the seeds are implanted. Side effects are generally mild, sometimes including urinary urgency, weak urine stream, discomfort during urination or sexual activity, or mild loose stools.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS): A painless therapy, SRS treats tumors by delivering a potent, highly focused dose of radiation to the tumor site while sparing the surrounding normal tissues with minimal side effects. This treatment is a popular alternative for patients who are not surgical candidates. Duration of therapy is typically 1-5 days.

High Dose Rate Brachytherapy (HDR): Catheters are placed into the cancer tissue, steered to the tumor site by a computer driven apparatus, and removed after a desired dose has been achieved. This is typically an outpatient procedure where sessions last only a few minutes. Side effects may include some tenderness and swelling to the treatment area.


Cytotoxic Chemotherapy: “Cell killing” chemical agents designed to destroy rapidly dividing cancer cells throughout the entire body are delivered into the system. Duration per treatment is approximately 2-4 hours. The exact goals of chemotherapy will depend on the type and stage of the cancer and overall health of the patient.

Molecularly Targeted Therapy: These sophisticated "smart drugs" stop the growth and spread of cancer by targeting specialized proteins or molecules that are causing cancer cells to grow and divide. By selecting cancer cells rather than normal cells, this therapy reduces side effects and improves the patient's quality of life.

Hormone or Endocrine Therapy: Hormones signal for certain actions such as growth and division of different cells in the body. Hormone therapy either lowers the amount of hormone available or prevents the hormone from binding to cancer cells, thereby minimizing the growth and spread of cancer.


Massage Therapy: The manipulation of soft tissues and muscles through massage serves to relax the body and improve quality of life. Customized treatments aid in easing depression, relieving anxiety, reducing pain and much more.

Yoga: Gentle stretching movements, breathing techniques and meditation, performed at an individual's own pace, are designed to improve flexibility, strength and balance, and increase energy and mental function.

Physical Therapy: Various exercises, based on individual rehabilitation needs, are used to rebuild muscle strength and coordination. This treatment is designed to provide the patient with accelerated recovery, improved strength and range of motion, restored function, decreased pain and reduced anxiety.

Support Groups: Patients who may feel overwhelmed, afraid or alone can confidentially discuss emotional needs and feelings, share ideas and embrace survivorship by attending support groups. This wellness service is designed to provide emotional strength and support to help patients understand and live with cancer.